Arequipa, Peru

View across the rooftops of Arequipa  

Updated January 14th, 2019.

Small whitewashed buildings lie under the ominous snow-capped volcano of El Misti, welcome to Arequipa, one of Peru’s most beautiful and sophisticated cities. (Arequipa is nicknamed the ‘White City’.)

With a city centre built of volcanic rock, Arequipa is not only one of Peru’s most stunning cities it is also it’s second largest, after Lima of course.

Arequipa is Peru's second largest city.
Arequipa is Peru’s second largest city.

Peruvians call it a small city, even a little town, but with more than one million inhabitants, three volcanoes watching over her and two of the deepest canyons of the world this place is anything but a blip on the map…

For adventure-seekers, Arequipa is conveniently located right next to the Colca Canyon, the world’s second deepest canyon, and is home to some spectacular scenery and awesome trekking opportunities.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru
Colca Canyon, Arequipa Peru.

Most backpackers spend a couple nights in the city using it as a jumping off place for organised treks and homestays into the valley. The city itself is a place to enjoy fine food, sip a café in the plaza while you watch the world go by, and simply wander through its labyrinth-like streets. This is a city for dreamers, romantics, and for any backpacker who is looking to slow down for a day or two and simply enjoy life’s finer things.

The Basilica Cathedral of Arequipa Peru
The Basilica Cathedral of Arequipa, in the central Plaza de las Armas – Peru.

Lifestyle and Climate Arequipa

With a pleasant year-round climate, Arequipa is eternally sunny and warm, palm trees lining its grand plaza, cactuses decorate it’s surrounding area, and days of clear blue sky are the norm.

Arequipeneans are people used to a blue sky with an intense sun; there is a clear sky 95% of all mornings and summer afternoon rains come as a special treat! It never gets too hot, or too cold, meaning that outdoor activities can be enjoyed all your round. This is what makes the White City a perfect place to rest, chill out, and let the weary side of your backpacking adventures melt with the sun.

The pretty streets of Arequipa, Peru.
Blue skies every day! Wandering the clean and pretty streets of Arequipa, Peru.

The best part of the city has got to be the lovely mix of locals and foreigners that gather here! Arequipa is somewhere in between Cusco and Lima; meaning it is both urban and used to backpackers pouring through (however much less than Cusco). In Arequipa, you will find all the elements of a developed city, without the stress and noise of a capital, you will also find the diversity that nomads and expats bring to the culture.

Head to our Peru Travel Guide to learn more about planning a backpacking trip across the country.

Where to stay in Arequipa

Arequipa has loads of accommodation options to suit everyone from the budget backpacker to the well-heeled tourist. Here are a few of our favourite budget options…

Limbo Jump Hostel – At just $9 US per night, this cosy hostel is popular with backpackers, largely on account of its super friendly owner, Mino. The hostel is clean, the beds are comfy you get a free decent breakfast and the showers are hot – what more could a backpacker ask for?

Arequipay Backpackers Hostel – This backpacker favourite is bright, cheery, and offers one of the best social scenes in the city. With free tea 24/7, a book exchange, and a patio with hammocks this is a decent option to fulfil your backpacker needs. From just $7 US per night, it’s a bargain!

Solar De Arequipa – This charming little hostel feels more like a hotel, but is still relatively affordable. A terrace welcomes you into this little sunny slice of comfort. Bedrooms are spacious, well lit, and modern. Upstairs is a rooftop area where breakfast is served daily and couches abound for the perfect afternoon place to curl up with a good book. From $39 US per night for a twin room, $51 for a double.

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Things to do in Arequipa

Hike the Colca Canyon

Two of the world deepest canyons reside just outside the city of Arequipa (three hours drive by local transport), both are more than 3km deep at their deepest part! The Colca Canyon is the most visited of the two.

Tours to the Colca Canyon can be either one or two nights and include basic accommodation (bungalows) and three simple meal per day. The tours are surprisingly cheap and can be booked from many travel agencies or hostels in the city. All tours bring you around to the main viewing stops where you will get to see condors soar above the craggy cliffs and llamas graze in the high lands surrounding the valley.

Watching out for condors over the valley, Peru.
Watching out for condors flying over the valley, Colca Canyon, Peru.

The trek itself is a moderate undertaking, day one is around six hours of downhill descent into the depths of the canyon. Day two, however, will see you rising before the sun and undertaking a difficult three-hour uphill slog, leaving you mighty ready for a hearty breakfast when you reach the top!

Hiking in the Colca Canyon Peru
Hiking in the Colca Canyon Peru.

Visiting Colca Canyon Independently without a guide: It is possible to visit the canyon on your own without a tour group and guide, although it takes more time, and the chances of getting lost increase slightly (so bring a map!).

Chivay, the main town near to the canyon, is the principal point to start all treks; it has a lot of cheap hotels and some rough public transportation to the canyon. If you’re thinking of doing it yourself, read our article about how to get to Colca Canyon on a DIY Adventure via the town of Chivay.

Don’t Forget the Cotahuasi Canyon!

About ten hours away from Arequipa is less-visited Cotahuasi Canyon. Due to less demand, most tour agencies arrange only private tours here, and it will take you at least three days to explore the canyon and get there and back from Arequipa. Although it takes more time and effort to reach this canyon, it can be a more rewarding adventure than visiting the Colca Canyon – which is on every traveller’s Peru bucket list.

The area is much less developed than the area around Chivay and the Colca Canyon. Here you will witness the real life of the Andes people, who are much less accustomed to travellers. The trekking is superb and the views stunning, but don’t expect to find fancy restaurants and five-star hotels!

Visit the Santa Catalina Monastery

Built in 1579 this 20,000 square meter Monastery once housed over 450 nuns. Today, only 20 nuns still reside at Santa Catalina meaning that the rest of the impressive establishment is open for tours. You can easily spend an afternoon meandering through the buildings windy walkways and elegant squares taking in the history and art of the place.

Enjoy a Coffee in La Plaza de Armas

The main Plaza de Armas is surrounded by quaint balconies perfect for an afternoon chat with new friends. Grab a coffee and watch as the life of the city swirls on around you.

Plaza de Armas, Arequipa
Plaza de Armas, Arequipa.

Hike in Volcano Valley

Six hours away from Arequipa, about 350 km northwest of the city, lies Volcano Valley, with more than 80 volcanic cones to see! Close to the city are two of the most popular hikes into the volcanic valley: Misti Volcano and Chachani Volcano.

Climb Misti Volcano

This active volcano looms behind the Arequipa and is visible from many places in the city. Not for the faint of heart, summiting this 5,822-meter mountain will for sure leave you short of breath. However, the exertion is worth it – if the weather is clear, you can see views all the way to the ocean! There are many tour operators around town that will outfit you and guide you on your ascent up the volcano, which will take two days/one-night.

Hike Chachani Volcano

This volcano is one of the easiest to climb, especially if you want to get higher than the six thousand meter high line with as little effort as possible. It only takes around 14 hours to reach the top; as a car can take you up to five thousand meters high! However, for this hike, you will need to rent more technical equipment, so it will be more expensive than climbing Misti.

Go Rafting

Half day adrenaline pumping trips on Arequipa’s nearby Chili River. Trips will take you down class II to III rapids for some serious heart-pumping fun. The best time to go is between April and November when the rapids are more manageable (due to less rain).

Food and Restaurants in Arequipa

Arequipa is full of amazing places to eat for a fraction of the cost that they would be back home.

With a special taste for food, Arequipa is the birthplace of the famous (some would say disgusting!) Cuy Chactado (roasted guinea pig). If you are looking for truthful Arequipenean food head to Arancota and get inside one of the many picanterías, ask for some Rocoto Relleno with Pastel de Papa and forget everything else!

Another of our favourite spots was Zig Zag Restaurant, which offers incredible fish dishes accompanied with decadent sauces, ratatouille, and quinoa side dishes. Also in town is the restaurant of the famous Peruvian chef, Gaston Acurrio. It’s called CHICHA and it offers innovative Nuevo Andino cuisine for a steal of a price.

Getting to Arequipa

From Lima From the capital, Lima, the journey will take a staggering 20 hours, where you will traverse a never-ending desert landscape.

From Cusco – To reach Arequipa from Cusco, the bus ride takes a mere seven hours (that’s nothing for Peru!), though the ride is not for the faint-hearted, as the route crosses the Andes mountains out of the city.

Where to Head Next:

  • Puno: Peru’s lakefront town sits right on the edge of Lake Titicaca. Six hours from Arequipa head here to explore the world’s highest navigable lake and it’s enchanting islands. From here, you can cross into Bolivia.
  • Lima: Not particularly close by any means, but many backpackers make their way from the capital city to Arequipa. We were told the journey would take fourteen hours when in reality it took twenty. Bring a good book and some snacks!
  • Cusco: This city of colourful textiles, mystical valleys, shamans, and expeditions to nearby Machu Picchu is the perfect next stop from Arequipa, only seven hours away.
Tyler Protano-Goodwin

Originally from Massachusetts in the US, Tyler has always harboured a desire to travel. She spent three months in Cusco, Peru on a study-abroad program before moving to Thailand to teach English. After that, she flew back to Latin America to backpack the continent whilst writing for South America Backpacker Magazine. After a stint working in Tanzania, Africa, she is now back home in the US, living in Boston.

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